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The Democratic Party, once dominant in the Southeastern United States, is now strongest in the Northeast (Mid-Atlantic and New England), Great Lakes region, and the Pacific Coast (including Hawaii). [129], The Democratic Party believe that all women should have access to birth control and support public funding of contraception for poor women. Ronald M. Peters Jr. and Cindy Simon Rosenthal, (If you receive a 403 "forbidden" error using the previous link, try, progressive movement in the United States, presidential elections in which Democrats won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College, constitutional amendments for prohibition, George McGovern 1972 presidential campaign, full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, Iranians held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days, Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act, 2004 Democratic Party presidential primaries, 2008 Democratic Party presidential primaries, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, UN declaration on sexual orientation and gender identity, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Obama also announced stricter guidelines regarding lobbyists in an effort to raise the ethical standards of the White House. "[78], A broad majority of Democrats have supported other LGBT related laws such as extending hate crime statutes, legally preventing discrimination against LGBT people in the workforce, and repealing Don't ask, don't tell. In the 1930s, the party began advocating welfare spending programs targeted at the poor. [235] It is based on surveys conducted by the National Election Studies (NES). [142], The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, has been one of the most significant pushes for universal health care. The National Republicans eventually coalesced into the Whig Party. The new Democratic Party became a coalition of farmers, city-dwelling laborers and Irish Catholics. A March 2003 CBS News poll taken a few days before the invasion of Iraq found that 34% of Democrats would support it without United Nations backing, 51% would support it only with its backing, and 14% would not support it at all. They were later joined by those who, once again led by the Fire-Eaters, left the Baltimore Convention the following June when the convention rejected a resolution supporting extending slavery into territories whose voters did not want it. The most common mascot symbol for the party has been the donkey, or jackass. [229] Polls in 2009 indicated that 41% of women identify as Democrats while only 25% of women identify as Republicans and 26% as independents whereas 32% of men identify as Democrats, 28% as Republicans and 34% as independents. Wallace supporters and other Democrats who were farther left were pushed out of the party and the CIO in 1946–1948 by young anti-communists like Hubert Humphrey, Walter Reuther and Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Hollywood emerged in the 1940s as an important new base in the party and was led by movie-star politicians such as Ronald Reagan, who strongly supported Roosevelt and Truman at this time. The song "Happy Days Are Here Again" is the unofficial song of the Democratic Party. State and local committees often coordinate campaign activities within their jurisdiction, oversee local conventions and in some cases primaries or caucuses and may have a role in nominating candidates for elected office under state law. The Democratic Party opposes attempts to reverse the 1973 Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade, which declared abortion covered by the constitutionally protected individual right to privacy under the Ninth Amendment; and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, which lays out the legal framework in which government action alleged to violate that right is assessed by courts. For example, only 13% of Orthodox Jews supported Barack Obama in 2008 while around 60% of Conservative Jews and Reform Jews did so. This led to the bipartisan Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002. [170] While not stating support of same-sex marriage, the 2008 platform called for repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act, which banned federal recognition of same-sex marriage and removed the need for interstate recognition, supported antidiscrimination laws and the extension of hate crime laws to LGBT people and opposed the Don't ask, don't tell military policy.

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