Avicenna did not burst upon an empty Islamic intellectual stage. He was particularly noted for his contributions in the fields of Aristotelian philosophy and medicine. Segovia, C. A. According to his biography, Avicenna memorized the Coran before he was 10, learned maths from a vegetable seller, and medicine from a traveling doctor. Ibn Sina was a pivotal figure in medicine in the Middle Ages. Khan, A. The subordinate sciences, in order of importance, as designated by Avicenna, are medicine; astrology; physiognomy, the study of the correspondence of psychological characteristics to physical structure; oneiromancy, the art of dream interpretation; talismans, objects with magical power to blend the celestial forces with the forces of particular worldly bodies, giving rise to extraordinary action on earth; theurgy, the “secrets of prodigies,” whereby the combining of terrestrial forces are made to produce remarkable actions and effects; and alchemy, an arcane art studied by Avicenna, although he ultimately rejected its transmutationism (the notion that base metals, such as copper and lead, could be transformed into precious metals, such as gold and silver). However, the preparation was either inadvertently or intentionally altered by an attendant to include five measures of active ingredient instead of the prescribed two. Latin translations of his work guided the 13th-century reception of Aristotle within Western Scholasticism, notably in the writings of Albertus Magnus and Thomas Aquinas. The End Of The World: Between Science And Religion, In 1986, author Noah Gordon published the novel "The Physician" which includes Ibn Sina as the main character, and although its success was limited in the United States (Gordon's home country), the book was well received in Spain and Germany. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nan_Jing_(Chinese_medicine)&oldid=933721840, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2020, at 17:51. His corpus also includes writing on philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, as well as poetry. (2006). He also described a condition known as “Persian fire” (anthrax), correctly correlated the sweet taste of urine to diabetes, and described the guinea worm. Avicenna’s suggestion of wine as a wound dressing was commonly employed in medieval Europe. At Eṣfahān, under ʿAlā al-Dawlah, he found the stability and security that had eluded him. While in the company of ʿAlā al-Dawlah, Avicenna fell ill with colic. Avicenna. Ibn Sina's contributions are not limited to medicine; on the contrary, his work also left a significant mark on sciences such as mathematics, physics, psychology, astronomy, geography, geology, and alchemy. The first volume detailed basic principles of medicine, anatomy, and human physiology. Mathematics is divided into four principal sciences: numbers and arithmetic, geometry and geography, astronomy, and music. Avicenna’s Canon of medicine, first translated from Arabic into Latin during the 12th century, was the most important medical reference book in the West until the 17th century, introducing technical medical terminology used for centuries afterwards. Evidence-based medicine, for example, is often presented as a wholly contemporary phenomenon driven by the double-blind clinical trial. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Since science was equated with wisdom, Avicenna attempted a broad unified classification of knowledge. Avicenna’s most influential works were Kitāb al-shifāʾ (Book of the Cure, or The Cure), an encyclopaedic exposition of logic, physics, mathematics, and metaphysics, and Al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb (The Canon of Medicine), one of the most important texts in the history of medicine.
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